Is Communism More Logical than Capitalism?

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Is Communism More Logical than Capitalism?

            Karl Marx, author of The Communist Manifesto, describes history as an ongoing repetition of “class struggles” between the “oppressor and oppressed”[1]. In other words, history is founded on the exploitation of one class by another, which only ends with the oppressed class dying out or rebelling against the oppressor[2]. When that rebellion or death occurs, the cycle, often referred to as the “march of history,” renews itself and morphs into new, modified classes: “The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms…. but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones”[3]. According to Karl Marx, the most efficient solution to this repetitive problem is communism. Although communism promotes the destruction of class struggles and ensures nationwide equality, the entirety of the American Dream is built on the idea of capitalism, working hard, struggling, and eventually achieving individual success.

Marx argues that the growing force of capitalism, which encompasses the United States’ economy, is slowly losing its ability to compete against the exploitive relationship of class struggle. Karl insinuates that once capitalism loses to the class struggle, a revolution will break out and, “this revolution will be of a different character than all previous ones: previous revolutions simply reallocated property in favor of the new ruling class…. when [the proletariat class] obtain control they will have to destroy all ownership of private property, and classes themselves will disappear”[4]. Marx’s theory of the proletariat class prevailing and diminishing all private property seems fair to a certain degree. But keep in mind, if communism is so simple, why does the ‘class struggle’ known as history keep repeating itself? The answer is simple: human competition. All human beings possess a natural competitive quality, so it is fair to assume that not all humans want to be economically or societally equal. A communist society gives no opportunity of advancement, achievement, perseverance or motivation. Why would people work hard to achieve the same as their neighbor who might not work hard at all? The human mind is not constructed that way.

When considering the wide, diverse population of America, class struggle seems to be a significant focal point. Over 45 million people, 14.5% of Americans live in poverty[5]. Simply driving through a U.S. city such as Dallas gives one the opportunity to identify every single class that makes up the country- from the homeless to the wealthy. Unfortunately, it is socially acceptable for one to drive to downtown Dallas and see poverty first-hand in places such as “Tent City” (a campsite under a highway bridge, composed of the homeless living in tents), and then drive less than fifteen minutes north, and arrive on Straight Lane, which holds a plethora of multi-million dollar mansions and some of the wealthiest people of Dallas. How is that okay? Wouldn’t it make more logical sense if everyone in society could be equal, and classes were diminished? Well, the American Dream was built on capitalism, so even though everyone working to achieve their personal success does present positive and negative side effects, it truly does encompass the ideas of liberty and freedom.

Although Karl Marx’s theory of communism makes logical sense when regarding human equality in a monetary way, giving every citizen a fair chance to work for personal success complies with a larger majority of people’s moral standards. This outlook is the simple explanation for why capitalism continues to prevail over communism in the Western World. The American Dream would cease to exist if success and failure were taken out of the equation, and the lack of competition stemming from that would murder all forms of motivation. As shown through history, human morals and competiveness will always prevail over the logical and equal society known as communism.

[1] Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist manifesto. United States: Publisher not identified, 2017.

[2] Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist manifesto. United States: Publisher not identified, 2017.

[3] Engels, Karl Marx and Frederick. “Manifesto of the Communist Party.” Communist Manifesto (Chapter 1). Accessed May 01, 2017.

[4] Engels, Karl Marx and Frederick. “Manifesto of the Communist Party.” Communist Manifesto (Chapter 1). Accessed May 01, 2017.

[5] Gongloff, Mark. “45 Million Americans Still Stuck Below Poverty Line: Census.” The Huffington Post. September 16, 2014. Accessed May 01, 2017.

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