Does a Modern Bourgeoisie and Proletariat Group Exist?

econ-blog-2-pics-12-5-16

Margaret O’Rourke – Honorbound – Period 7

To this day, there are noticeable ranks in our class system, but does America have a current bourgeois and proletariat group that is unseen by the public? In our modern day society, education is one of the main factors for the large divide of social classes.

Throughout history there has always been an obvious great divide between the rich and the poor. Although, nobody has ever looked to categorize the different levels of our society into the ancient terms of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. In chapter one of Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party the bourgeoisie is defined as the “middle class” and “the leaders of the whole industrial armies”, and the proletarian group is “the modern working class”.[1]

The upper class is currently defined as “the social group that has the highest status in society”.[2] Considering the innovation in industrial work the bourgeoisie was responsible for, they held the most power and wealth in society, and they are most similar to the upper class of American society.[3] On the other hand, the definition of the working class is “the social group consisting of people who are employed for wages, especially in manual or industrial work.”[4] Therefore, considering the proletariat’s were “a class of labourers, who live only so long as they find work” and they completed all of the jobs that were innovations of industry created by the bourgeoisie, the current proletarians are the working class.[5]

In our current day the wealthy seems to hold the most power, while the working class works hard but has an even more difficult time getting higher positions in their careers. According to working class studies, this piece of the class system is a part of society with mostly high school education, not allowing for much improvement in their line of work.[6] According to an article done by U.S. money, Americans in the upper class typically have college degrees and post graduate degrees allowing them to earn a higher income.[7] Chapter 2 of the Manifesto of the Communist Party states that education is important in society, “And your education! Is not that also social, and determined by the social conditions under which you educate…? Therefore, education is the common divide that in many cases determines your rank in society. This was present in the time of the bourgeoisie and proletariat and is still present today between the upper and middle class.

Currently, the upper class and the working class are most similar to Karl Marx’s outline of the definition of the bourgeoisie and proletariat groups in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, but this definitely does not mean that they have the same values. Taking the groups for face value when it comes to success by wealth in link to education the bourgeoisie and proletariat still exist to a certain extent in modern day America.

[1] Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. Manifesto of the Communist Party. New York: International Publishers, 1948.

[2] “Oxford Dictionaries – Dictionary, Thesaurus, & Grammar.” Oxford Dictionaries | English. Accessed December 03, 2016. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/.

[3] Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. Manifesto of the Communist Party. New York: International Publishers, 1948.

[4] “Oxford Dictionaries – Dictionary, Thesaurus, & Grammar.” Oxford Dictionaries | English. Accessed December 03, 2016. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/.

[5] Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. Manifesto of the Communist Party. New York: International Publishers, 1948.

[6] @WCPerspectives. “Education, Jobs, and Wages.” Working-Class Perspectives. 2012. Accessed December 03, 2016. https://workingclassstudies.wordpress.com/2012/03/05/education-jobs-and-wages/.

[7] U.S. News & World Report. Accessed December 03, 2016. http://money.usnews.com/money/personal-finance/articles/2012/09/13/where-do-you-fall-in-the-american-economic-class-system.

8 “Featured Essay.” CrimethInc. Ex-Workers’ Collective : Home. Accessed December 05, 2016. http://crimethinc.com/.

9 “Class Conflict.” Wikipedia. Accessed December 05, 2016.     https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Class_conflict.

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