Macro Economics, period 7
Across the world there are many different types of governments running a country; the question is: which is the best for the good of society, making everyone truly happy and able to fulfill their function. It is almost impossible to figure out the best way for a society to function without actually applying it to an actual society. Thankfully, time has allowed this to happen, and many types of societies have been put into practice.
According to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles, society is a “history of class struggles” between the “Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” and the “victory of the proletariat [is]…inevitable”. This mean there is a struggle between the high class minority (Bourgeoisie) and the lower class majority (Proletariat) until the lower class is fed up with the upper class and revolts, wins, and becomes powerful. This becomes a constant cycle until everyone becomes equal, because the majority is everyone, and thus a society exists that is Communist. Some countries, such as Cuba, force their country into a Communist state by taking total control and giving no individual person a property; meant to make each person equal. Unfortunately, taking away the right to property from each person disallows them to be happy because they cannot acquire anything from their labours. Realistically thinking, a communist economy does not allow its people to be completely happy because they are forced to do labours without anything in return; this “constant battle” that is inevitable in society, has been completely done away with and no person has a purpose to live or work. Eddie Porro, former citizen of the communist country of Cuba, says “[he] felt like someone was controlling his every move; life became so routine and boring that [he] had to make it interesting; [he] had to plan an escape for [him] and [his] family” (Porro). Eddie, like many other citizens of Cuba, was so unhappy with the way he was living because there was no moving up, there was no “struggle” to earn property for labor, or gain a higher social status. Everyone, except for the President of course, was equal, low class, given rations, and given a job; they weren’t given hope, opportunity, or freedom. This definitely does not lead a society to happiness; without freedom, the natural processes of “class struggles” cannot occur, leading to an unhappy depressed society.
On the other hand, Ludwig von Mises says that “the consumer is king…and the manufacturer is done for if he does not outstrip his competitors in best serving consumers”. In a simpler way of saying this, an economy works best as a market, because in a market everyone can get what they want by buying the property from the manufacturer. Every person is a consumer even if they are also a manufacturer; this allows the manufacturer to acknowledge the consumers wants and to adjust to fit their wants. He also thinks that. Basically speaking, the majority, most of the time being the working class, must be catered to by society and the minority, most of the time being the wealthy and upper class, because it will make the bigger portion of society happier and better off. It may be thought that the seller of a company has the most control, but in reality, without the views of the consumer and the demand they give a certain product, the seller cannot run a company. This allows the consumer to be “king” because they are indirectly in control of all of the sellers because the seller must quickly react to the consumers wants and needs and make the best product to continue on as a business. These two attitudes a capitalist society holds, provides help for the working class who cannot provide each and every need on their own because the seller realizes that their product cannot be unreasonable priced, because the majority cannot afford it. This constant cycle allows the seller to be far to the consumer and the consumer willing and able to purchase from the seller. This is so important in a society because it naturally provides a way for citizens to cooperate and work together to all be happy. Allowing freedom to society, permits citizens to embrace opportunities to gain property and move up the social ladder that is naturally engraved in society. Eddie Porro has recently moved to America, a capitalist society, with his family and says that “[he] has never been happier, [he] now has hope that [he] can determine his future according to how hard [he] works” (Porro). Eddie knows now that it is up to him and only him where he wants to work, how he wants to work, and what to do with the property he earns.
Not only have the differences between a real life communist society and a capitalist society been compared by considering Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles versus Ludwig von Mises views on society, but they have also been proven by a real person, Eddie Porro, living today who experienced both forms of society and has reflected on his life. According to Marx and Engles, society will inevitably become communist, where the constant “class struggles” will come to an end when everyone is equal and there is nothing to fight over. Now obviously Cuba, which is considered a communist society, did not naturally conform into a society of total equality because in the eyes of a President, that would simply take way too much time to be effective. This leads to a forced, seemingly fake, communist society. This only proves that a forced communist society does not lead its citizens to happiness but does not prove a natural communist society as making its people unhappy. Another important question could be: Would this natural communist economy actually occur within the time of the world? That cannot really be proven, but the fact that many countries try to avoid this natural process by other forms of government can help the world at avoiding a society with no ruler and perfect equality. If this society never occurs, then this society will never be able to make its citizens happy because it simply will never exist. Until this society exists, a capitalist society, such as America, simply provides its citizens with the freedom they need to live a happy life, allowing them to work for property and use their property in a way that they choose, within boundary. It is important for a society to have boundaries, or at least some control, to keep peace in a culture, especially one like America which is so diverse in religion, ethnicity, and culture. Although, there is a point where a line must be drawn between a controlling government and a free country; this line is drawn once a government takes away an individual’s God given rights. Once a human right becomes revoked, the government has gone too far, and it is an interference with an individual’s journey to happiness. As Eddie Porro established, the simple freedom to gain property from working, and deciding what to do with it, provides such a happier life because it is a freedom and a right that cannot and should not be taken away from any human being.
In conclusion, hopefully it has become obvious that a capitalist society grants the freedoms to its people that are required for a person to be happy, while a communist society takes these simple freedoms away. Then one might ask: why isn’t everyone in a capitalist economy happy? Well, capitalism does not guarantee happiness; it just allows it to happen a lot more often than a communist society. Happiness is even harder to define in itself, but the fact that a person in a capitalist economy has the hope to be happy automatically makes them a happier person than one without hope in a communist society. No matter what type of society, happiness is a right that cannot and should not ever be taken away from anyone.
Porro, Eddie. Email Interview. 1 December 2013.
Aaron, Escobar. Cuban Flag Photo. N.d. Photograph. In Defence of Marxism. Web.
Man Faces Eviction For Flying American Flag On His Property. 2013. Photograph. Mr. Conservative. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.